Geranium was originally a native of South Africa but today it is widely cultivated in Europe, Central America, Egypt, Russia, Japan and the Congo. The main producers of Geranium oil are Egypt, Russia and Reunion (Bourbon Geranium). Geranium is a perennial shrub which grows up to three feet in height; it has small, pink flowers and pointy, serrated-edged leaves.
Due to its rose-like scent, Geranium is often confused with Rose (Rosa damascena)essential oil; Geranium essential oil is obtained from the steam distillation of the leaves; both Geraniums and Pelargoniums belong to the Geraniaceae plant family. The essential oil of Geranium is anti-viral, anti-bacterial, anti-inflammatory, relaxing, decongestant, anti-bacterial, anti-depressant, balancing and uplifting. It can also be used to treat shingles, herpes, eczema, dry skin and athletes foot and is both moisturizing and regenerative for skin conditions.